Building Information Modeling (BIM) – The Ultimate Boon for Construction

Posted by: Admin | Posted on: December 11th, 2012

BIM stands for Building Information Modelling. It’s one of the developments in the construction industry which changed the entire definitions of construction procedure. It brought significant changes in the process of construction which improved the overall efficiency by leaps and bounds. BIM is resource information which governs the entire life cycle of any structure. From Early conceptualizations of the structure to designs and construction and to functionality of building and its demolition; BIM Modelling engulfs all.

Hence BIM, more or less, engulfs all the prominent phases a building may encounter. Its essence and meaning rests in its name itself:

  • Building – all the details about the operation and construction are considered
  • Information – it contains all the necessary information which would be required while construction and operation
  • Modelling – simulation of the building and its delivery is under concern as well

Engineers, investors, contractors, sub contractors, outsourcing firms have largely adopted BIM techniques so as to have better productivity.  Before BIM was introduced, CAD based models ruled the kingdom of the entire construction. However, with BIM their era ended. BIM is considered superior to the CAD software since is not only includes the graphical information, it also has information which facilitates better management and operation of building.

Building Information Modelling is a vast domain and it can be classified into various services for better understanding and application. The entire spectrum of BIM services includes:

  • BIM drafting and drawings
  • BIM construction documentation
  • BIM conversion
  • BOQ, casting and QS
  • Virtual building project
  • Three dimensional visualization
  • Parametric Family creation
  • Conflict detections

Uses and advantages of Building Information Modelling are simply unending. New research and analysis in this dimension are discovering and exploring new prospects which can be included in BIM, making it even more efficient. More or less, advantages and implications of BIM can be summarised as:

  • Creation of Documents which are accurate and meet the standards of construction
  • Three dimensional visualization which helps in better understanding
  • Efficient and faster drawing while making no compromise on quality front
  • Repetitive elements or procedures in the drafting can be automated
  • Superior Coordination in the team and effective propagation of information
  • Conflicts and clashes are detected before the construction begins which saves both time and money
  • BIM effectively guides and conducts quantity surveys. Bills of materials are prepared, time is taken into consideration and proficient schedules are developed
  • The entire cost of the project is analysed and methods are suggested to reduce the same
  • Project Management and Project Planning are included as well
  •  BIM is available for both home builders and professional contractors. It can be customized as needed
  • Construction sequencing and Simulation can be done very easily
  • Changes can be made and implemented without any trouble
  • Material Wastages are reduced significantly. Neither the shortage of material is to be faced
  • It facilitates four dimensional construction simulation processes by adding the dimension of time
  • It allows creation and evaluation of diverse options. One is free to choose the most suitable option